5. Electrical and wiring methods, components and
6. Powered industrial trucks—general industry
8. Control of hazardous energy (lockout/tagout)—general
9. Electrical systems design—general requirements, general
10. Machinery and machine guarding—general requirements
YOUR RESPONSIBILITIES UNDER OSHA
The employer’s responsibilities are defined
by the OSH Act. Under the OSH Act, compliance begins with the General Duty clause:
(a) Each employer —
( 1) shall furnish to each of his employees
employment and a place of employment
which are free from recognized hazards
that are causing or are likely to cause
death or serious physical harm to his
( 2) shall comply with occupational safety
and health standards promulgated under
(b) Each employee shall comply with occupational safety and
health standards and all rules, regulations, and orders issued
pursuant to this Act which are applicable to his own actions and
In addition to the General Duty clause, the OSH Act includes
a number of other specific responsibilities. Among them are the
• Examine workplace conditions to make sure they conform to
applicable OSHA standards.
• Make sure employees have and use safe tools and equipment
and properly maintain this equipment.
• Use color codes, posters, labels or signs to warn employees of
• Establish or update operating procedures and communicate
them so employees follow safety and health requirements.
• Provide safety training in a language and vocabulary workers can
• If hazardous chemicals are in the workplace, develop and
implement a written hazard communication program and
train employees on the hazards they are exposed to, including
proper precautions (and keep a copy of safety data sheets readily
• Provide medical examinations and training when required by
• Post, at a prominent location within the workplace, the OSHA
poster (or the state-plan equivalent), informing employees of
their rights and responsibilities.
• Report to the nearest OSHA office within 8
hours any fatal accident or one that results
in the hospitalization of three or more
• Keep records of work-related injuries and
illnesses. (Note: Employers with 10 or
fewer employees and employers in certain
low-hazard industries are exempt from this
• Provide employees, former employees and
their representatives access to the Log of
Work-Related Injuries and Illnesses (OSHA
• Provide access to employee medical
records and exposure records to employees or their authorized
• Provide to the OSHA compliance officer the names of authorized employee representatives who may be asked to accompany
the compliance officer during an inspection.
• Do not discriminate against employees who exercise their rights
under the Act.
• Post OSHA citations at or near the work area involved, with each
citation remaining posted until the violation has been corrected
or for three working days, whichever is longer.
• Correct cited violations by the deadline set in the OSHA citation
and submit required abatement verification documentation.
Normally, OSHA conducts inspections without advance
notice. Employers have the right to require that compliance
officers obtain an inspection warrant before entering the worksite.